Bone Marrow Transplant
when a person’s marrow is damaged due to disease or not healthy enough to function properly to maintain the health it may be decided to plan for a bone marrow transplantation. Chronic infections, congenital diseases, cancer and cancer treatments are important causes for bone marrow transplantation.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is the soft, fatty tissue inside the bones which helps to produces blood cells.
Complications can range from mild to serious and life threatening conditions.
- Donor cells attack your body – graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
- Graft failure – The transplant doesn’t work.
- Anemia-Decreased levels of Hemoglobin or red blood cells
- Autologous Transplants – This procedure involve the use of a patient’s own stem cells
- Allogeneic Transplants – This procedure involve the use of cells from a donor. The donor is selected after genetic match.
The bone marrow transplant procedure is similar to a blood transfusion.It is not a painful procedure.
The bone marrow collecting or harvesting from another donor / person is a procedure should be done before 2 days. In allogeneic transplant, bone marrow cells will be harvested from donor two days before your procedure and prepared then transfused to the patient.
During a bone marrow harvest, cells are collected from both hipbones through a needle. This procedure will be done under anesthesia for this procedure. The patient will not have any pain.
How much time it takes for the Bone marrow Transplant procedure?
Bone marrow transplant is done over several sessions. This for a few days. Multiple sessions give the new stem cells the best chance to integrate themselves into your body.