KIDNEY STONES : What You Should Know?


KIDNEY STONES



What is a kidney stone?


Kidney stones  are hard deposits formed by minerals and salts inside the kidneys

Calcium stones are the most common type of stones. This is mainly made of calcium oxalate,calcium phosphate or maleate.

What are the types of kidney stones?


  • Calcium stones
  • Uric acid stones
  • Struvite stones
  • Cystine stones

Which is the  most common type of stones?


Calcium stones are the most common type of stones. This is mainly made of calcium oxalate,calcium phosphate or maleate.

High oxalate containing foods can produce which type of stones in kidney?


High oxalate containing foods increase the risk of Calcium oxalate stones . This type of stones are among commonest types.

What are the high oxalate foods?


High-oxalate foods include:

  • French fries
  • Potato chips
  • Peanuts
  • Chocolate
  • Beets
  • Spinach

Which type of stone is found mostly in women with urinary tract infections ?


Struvite type of stones .

Kidney stone type develops in patients who have the genetic disorder cystinuria?


Cystine stones.

Which type of stone develops in patients with gout and patients undergoing chemotherapy?


Uric acid stone.

What are risk factors for developing kidney stones?


  • Major risk factor for kidney stones is making less than one liter of urine per day. Mostly due to poor intake.
  • dehydration
  • obesity
  • hyperparathyroid condition
  • gastric bypass surgery
  • inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption
  • taking medications such as diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids.

Can excess salt intake produce kidney stones?


If you eat a lot of sodium, which is an ingredient in salt, that raises the amount of calcium in your urine. Extra oxalate “sticks” to calcium in the kidneys. That increase the risk of kidney stones.

What are symptoms of a kidney stone ?


Pain occurs in loin and may radiate to the groin area. The pain of renal colic is a type of intermittent pain, but can be severe.

What is the treatment for kidney stones?

It can be managed by medicines only . Some cases it may need surgery.

What is shock wave therapy ?


Urologist perform a procedure called  shock wave therapy also known as lithotripsy. This is a treatment that breaks the kidney stone into smaller pieces and allow it to pass out through urine.




 

 

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