Baby Vaccination Schedule In India

Baby vaccination
Baby vaccination

Vaccination for babies

         The baby vaccination schedule is recommended immunizations in early life to prevent certain infections. It varies according to the types of vaccine, and availability. Some of the vaccines are also be given as a part of a combination vaccine. Where the babies will get fewer shots. Consult with the doctor for planning your baby vaccination schedule.

VaccineAt what ageHow it is givenHow many dosesWhich disease is preventedCommon Complications
BCGBirthInjectionSingleTuberculosisFever
Hep BBirthInjection3 dosesHepatitis BFever, Skin rash
Polio BirthOral drops3 dosesPolioFever, body ache
DTP 6 weeksInjection3 dosesDiphtheria, Tetanus & Whooping cough Pain, rashes, fever
Hib 6 weeksInjection3 dosesBrain feverFever, irritability, rashes,
PCV 6 weeksInjection3 dosesPneumoniaFever, irritability, head ache,
RV 6 weeksOral3 dosesDiarrheaFussiness, vomiting, diarrhea
Typhoid 9 weeksOral2 dosesTyphoidFever, headache, abdomen pain, vomiting
MMR 9 weeksInjection2 dosesMeasles, mumps & rubellaSore arm, mild rash, fever
Menigococcal 12 monthsInjectionSingle doseMeningitisHeadache, joint pain, fever
Varicella 1 yrInjection2 dosesChicken PoxFever, skin rashes, sore throat
Hep A 1 yrInjection2 dosesLiver diseaseHead ache, low fever, loss of appetite
TDAP 7 YRInjectionSingle doseDiphtheria Tetanus & PertussisFever, headache, swollen glands
Baby Vaccination schedule in India

1st vaccine at birth for your baby

Hepatitis B:

The Hepatitis B vaccine is used to treat the hepatitis B virus. This vaccine’s 1st dose are given within 24hours of birth. But in some children are previously immunized and can get this vaccine at any age. Some low birth weight infants will get this hepatitis B vaccine during 1st month or when they are discharged from the hospitals. Hepatitis B is given as early as possible within 24 hours of birth, Dose: 0.5ml, Route: Intramuscular, Site: Anterolateral side of mid-thigh-  left side

BCG:

In most tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries like India, Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is usually given after the birth of a child to prevent severe TB in infants. The neonatal immune system is weak and immature. The hypothesis was that delaying BCG vaccination from birth to 10 weeks of age gives a vaccine-induced immune response. BCG is given at birth or early as possible till one year of age. Dose: 0.1 ml, Route: Intra-dermal, Site: left upper arm

OPV:

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used for the prevention of polio. POV protects from poliomyelitis which is caused by poliovirus. Polio or poliomyelitis is a crippling and potentially dangerous infectious disease. The virus spreads from person to person and can also spread to the brain and spinal cord causing paralysis. 

OPV 1st dose:

Given at birth time or within the first 15days; Dose: 2drops, Route: oral

OPV 1, 2, and 3 dose:

Given at 6weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks. Dose: 2 drops, Route: Oral 

What are the combined baby vaccination jabs?

The pentavalent vaccine protects against 5 major diseases: they are Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenza type B (DTP – hep B – HIB). This vaccine is given at 6 weeks, 10weeks, and 14 weeks after birth; Dose: 0.5ml, Route: Intramuscular, Site: Anterolateral side of mid-thigh – left side

Rota virus vaccine

Rotavirus vaccine is a vaccine used to protect against rotavirus infections, which are the leading cause of severe diarrhea in children. This baby vaccination program in India aims to prevent severe diarrhea. 15- 30% of severe diarrhea cases occur in developing countries. Rotavirus vaccine is given at 6weeks, 10weeks, and 14 weeks. Route: orally; Dose: 5drops

Measles vaccine:

Measles can also be prevented with the MMR vaccine. This measles vaccine protects against three diseases: Measles, mumps, and rubella. Every child gets 2 doses of MMR vaccine as a part of the baby vaccination program. The first dose is given at 12-15 months of age, followed by the second dose at 4-6 years of age, Dose: 0.5ml; Route: Subcutaneous site: Right upper arm.

Vitamin A:

Vitamin A vaccine is given at 9 months with measles, Dose: 1ml (1 lakh IU), Route: Oral

What are the vaccination schedule for children in India?

1-2 months

Hep B: Second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the 1st dose

2months

  • DTP: Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis vaccine
  • Hib: Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine
  • IPV : Inactivated poliovirus vaccine
  • PCV: Pneumococcal vaccine
  • RV: Rotavirus vaccine

6 months:

  • DTP
  • Hib
  • PVC
  • RV

6-18 months:

  • Hepatits B
  • IPV

12-15 months:

  • Hib
  • MMR
  • PCV
  • Chicken pox ( varicella )

12-23 months:

Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A vaccine is given as 2 shots at least 6 months apart. Hepatitis A is a viral disease that can affect the liver. Usually, this infection is a mild illness but can lead to severe forms with complications. The hepatitis A virus spreads through contaminated food and water. Baby vaccination for hepatitis A is an essential part of your schedule.

15-18 months:

DTP

4-6 years

  • DTP
  • MMR
  • IPV

11-12 years :

HPV:

Human papillomavirus vaccine, given in 2 shots over 6 to 12 month period. It can be given as early as age 9. For teens and young adults, it given in shots over 6months.

TDP:

Tetanus, Diphtheria and pertussis booster. Also suggested during pregnancy.

Baby vaccination
Baby vaccination

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