Baby Vaccination Schedule In India
Vaccination for babies
The baby vaccination schedule is recommended immunizations in early life to prevent certain infections. It varies according to the types of vaccine, and availability. Some of the vaccines are also be given as a part of a combination vaccine. Where the babies will get fewer shots. Consult with the doctor for planning your baby vaccination schedule.
|Vaccine||At what age||How it is given||How many doses||Which disease is prevented||Common Complications|
|Hep B||Birth||Injection||3 doses||Hepatitis B||Fever, Skin rash|
|Polio||Birth||Oral drops||3 doses||Polio||Fever, body ache|
|DTP||6 weeks||Injection||3 doses||Diphtheria, Tetanus & Whooping cough||Pain, rashes, fever|
|Hib||6 weeks||Injection||3 doses||Brain fever||Fever, irritability, rashes,|
|PCV||6 weeks||Injection||3 doses||Pneumonia||Fever, irritability, head ache,|
|RV||6 weeks||Oral||3 doses||Diarrhea||Fussiness, vomiting, diarrhea|
|Typhoid||9 weeks||Oral||2 doses||Typhoid||Fever, headache, abdomen pain, vomiting|
|MMR||9 weeks||Injection||2 doses||Measles, mumps & rubella||Sore arm, mild rash, fever|
|Menigococcal||12 months||Injection||Single dose||Meningitis||Headache, joint pain, fever|
|Varicella||1 yr||Injection||2 doses||Chicken Pox||Fever, skin rashes, sore throat|
|Hep A||1 yr||Injection||2 doses||Liver disease||Head ache, low fever, loss of appetite|
|TDAP||7 YR||Injection||Single dose||Diphtheria Tetanus & Pertussis||Fever, headache, swollen glands|
1st vaccine at birth for your baby
The Hepatitis B vaccine is used to treat the hepatitis B virus. This vaccine’s 1st dose are given within 24hours of birth. But in some children are previously immunized and can get this vaccine at any age. Some low birth weight infants will get this hepatitis B vaccine during 1st month or when they are discharged from the hospitals. Hepatitis B is given as early as possible within 24 hours of birth, Dose: 0.5ml, Route: Intramuscular, Site: Anterolateral side of mid-thigh- left side
In most tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries like India, Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is usually given after the birth of a child to prevent severe TB in infants. The neonatal immune system is weak and immature. The hypothesis was that delaying BCG vaccination from birth to 10 weeks of age gives a vaccine-induced immune response. BCG is given at birth or early as possible till one year of age. Dose: 0.1 ml, Route: Intra-dermal, Site: left upper arm
Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used for the prevention of polio. POV protects from poliomyelitis which is caused by poliovirus. Polio or poliomyelitis is a crippling and potentially dangerous infectious disease. The virus spreads from person to person and can also spread to the brain and spinal cord causing paralysis.
OPV 1st dose:
Given at birth time or within the first 15days; Dose: 2drops, Route: oral
OPV 1, 2, and 3 dose:
Given at 6weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks. Dose: 2 drops, Route: Oral
What are the combined baby vaccination jabs?
The pentavalent vaccine protects against 5 major diseases: they are Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenza type B (DTP – hep B – HIB). This vaccine is given at 6 weeks, 10weeks, and 14 weeks after birth; Dose: 0.5ml, Route: Intramuscular, Site: Anterolateral side of mid-thigh – left side
Rota virus vaccine
Rotavirus vaccine is a vaccine used to protect against rotavirus infections, which are the leading cause of severe diarrhea in children. This baby vaccination program in India aims to prevent severe diarrhea. 15- 30% of severe diarrhea cases occur in developing countries. Rotavirus vaccine is given at 6weeks, 10weeks, and 14 weeks. Route: orally; Dose: 5drops
Measles can also be prevented with the MMR vaccine. This measles vaccine protects against three diseases: Measles, mumps, and rubella. Every child gets 2 doses of MMR vaccine as a part of the baby vaccination program. The first dose is given at 12-15 months of age, followed by the second dose at 4-6 years of age, Dose: 0.5ml; Route: Subcutaneous site: Right upper arm.
Vitamin A vaccine is given at 9 months with measles, Dose: 1ml (1 lakh IU), Route: Oral
What are the vaccination schedule for children in India?
Hep B: Second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the 1st dose
- DTP: Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis vaccine
- Hib: Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine
- IPV : Inactivated poliovirus vaccine
- PCV: Pneumococcal vaccine
- RV: Rotavirus vaccine
- Hepatits B
- Chicken pox ( varicella )
Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A vaccine is given as 2 shots at least 6 months apart. Hepatitis A is a viral disease that can affect the liver. Usually, this infection is a mild illness but can lead to severe forms with complications. The hepatitis A virus spreads through contaminated food and water. Baby vaccination for hepatitis A is an essential part of your schedule.
11-12 years :
Human papillomavirus vaccine, given in 2 shots over 6 to 12 month period. It can be given as early as age 9. For teens and young adults, it given in shots over 6months.
Tetanus, Diphtheria and pertussis booster. Also suggested during pregnancy.
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