How Does Diabetes Affect My Pregnancy
How does diabetes affect getting pregnant?
A healthy human body digests food and with the help of a hormone called insulin transports a form of sugar known as glucose through the bloodstream to cells for energy.
Body’s immune system attack pancreas leads to not produce insulin
The body of a Type 2 diabetic either fails to create enough insulin, the person’s cells don’t react properly to the insulin or both malfunctions occurs.
- Type 2 diabetes can affect the release of an egg called ovulation. It makes woman’s menstrual cycles irregular. Eventually, it leads to infertility and difficulty becoming pregnant.
- However, in men, it can cause problems of hormones as well. Getting and maintaining erections is difficult in men with diabetes.
- Diabetes increases the risk of early pregnancy loss and stillbirth. Women with diabetes often have to undergo a caesarean section due to a big baby and the baby needing intensive care after birth.
Diabetes can be prevented and managed to control blood sugar levels. This involves
- Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels,
- Eating a healthy diet,
- Regular physical activity,
- Being in the healthy weight range,
- Reducing stress and anxiety,
- Medication may also be needed.
Visit your doctor (GP) or diabetes specialist before planning pregnancy if you are a diabetic. As soon as you start thinking about having a baby you must be under strict sugar control. Monitor your sugar levels around 3 to 6 months before you start trying.
This may involve:
- Get your HbA1c level monitored
- Check your blood glucose levels
- Take regularly the recommended dose of folic acid
- Check your medications
- Have your eye and kidneys checked
- Look at your lifestyle
- Check that you are vaccinated
Well controlled blood sugar levels:
- Can help to regulate menstrual cycles
- reduces the risk of erection problems
- Increases men’s testosterone levels
- Improves libido (sex drive)
- reduces the risk of miscarriage
- The risk of having a big baby becomes less in diabetic mother, and the baby requiring intensive care after birth reduces
- Reduces the risk of congenital disorder in mother with diabetes
- The risk of stillbirth and neonatal death is reduced