Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM): Diabetes In Pregnancy
1.What is Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) ?
2. What are the complications of GDM?
Gestational diabetes increase the risk of pre-eclampsia, depression, Lrge baby and my require a Caesarean section.
3. What are the effects of untreated or poorly treated Gestational Diabetes?
Babies born to mothers with poorly treated gestational diabetes are at increased risk of being – too large, having Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar} after birth, and jaundice.
4. What is still birth?
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
6 How to diagnose Gestational Diabetes in a pregnant patient?
Diagnosis is done by blood tests.
For those at normal risk screening is recommended between 24 and 28 weeks’ gestation.
Patients at high risk ( Family history , overweight, PCOS ) – testing may occur at the first prenatal visit.
8.Which group of people are more affected in Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes affects 3–9% of pregnancies . It affects 1% of those under the age of 20 and 13% of those over the age of 44.
9.Which time of pregnancy it is commonly seen?
It is especially common during the last three months of pregnancy.
10. Dose it resolve after pregnancy?
In 90% of people gestational diabetes will resolve after the baby is born. Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of them continue to be diabetics.