Kidney Stones: What You Should Know?

kidney stones
kidney stones

What is a kidney stone?


Kidney stones are hard deposits formed by minerals and salts inside the kidneys. Calcium stones are the most common type of stones. This is mainly made of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, or maleate.

What are the types of kidney stones?


  • Calcium stones
  • Uric acid stones
  • Struvite stones
  • Cystine stones

Which is the most common type of stone?


Calcium stones are the most common type of stones. This is mainly made of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, or maleate.

High oxalate containing foods can produce which type of stones in the kidney?


High oxalate containing foods increase the risk of Calcium oxalate stones. These types of stones are among the commonest types.

What are the high oxalate foods?


High-oxalate foods include:

  • French fries
  • Potato chips
  • Peanuts
  • Chocolate
  • Beets
  • Spinach

Which type of stone is found mostly in women with urinary tract infections?


Struvite type of stones.

Does kidney stone type develop in patients who have genetic disorder cystinuria?


Cystine stones.

Which type of stone develops in patients with gout and patients undergoing chemotherapy?


Uric acid stone.

What are the risk factors for developing kidney stones?


  • The major risk factor for kidney stones is making less than one liter of urine per day. Mostly due to poor intake.
  • Dehydration
  • Obesity
  • Hyperparathyroid condition
  • Gastric bypass surgery
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption
  • Taking medications such as diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids.

Can excess salt intake produce kidney stones?


If you eat a lot of sodium, which is an ingredient in salt, that raises the amount of calcium in your urine. Extra oxalate “sticks” to calcium in the kidneys. That increases the risk of kidney stones.

What are the symptoms of a kidney stone?


Pain occurs in loin and may radiate to the groin area. The pain of renal colic is a type of intermittent pain but can be severe.

What is the treatment for kidney stones?

It can be managed by medicines only. In some cases, it may need surgery.

What is shock wave therapy?


Urologists perform a procedure called shock wave therapy also known as lithotripsy. This is a treatment that breaks the kidney stone into smaller pieces and allows it to pass out through urine.

kidney stones

kidney stones


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