PREGNANCY FACTS


 What You should Know when you are Pregnant ?


 

We can calculate the estimated date of delivery (EDD) by –

  • Find the first day of your LMP (last menstrual period).

  • Add 280 days or 40 weeks to that date .

Pregnancy is a long and nice journey, we should try to make it smooth . When you start for a long holiday, you always keep preparing for that week before the journey. Similarly you should start preparation for pregnancy week by week. Some important factors should be considered to keep you and your baby safe.

Pregnancy is a physiological process. Pregnancy may get complicated at anytime but almost all complications of pregnancy can be managed safely by proper medical care if you are careful for it.  You can be careful only when you know what is expected and what to be done.

1.Read bout pregnancy and its normal physiology.


There is availability of many materials regarding pregnancy. It is available in internet, blogs and books . Read everything but always confirm with your doctor before following it. Many blogs are written just to attract the readers, but it is your health which needs the best and right treatment.

2.Get oriented about basic symptoms.


If you know about basic symptoms then you know when it is important to meet the doctor and when it can be managed at home. This will remove the confusion in your mind to a large extent.

3.What is the process of pregnancy?


Pregnancy occurs when an egg  or ovum (comes from ovary of female) is fertilized by a sperm (secreted by testes of male) , grows inside a woman’s uterus (womb), and develops into a babyover a period of 40 weeks . The dates are calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period (280 days or 40 weeks). When measured from date of conception it is about 38 weeks.

4.What is LMP and why it is important?


LMP (Last menstrual period) is the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period (LMP). It is important to calculate the date for your baby delivery. This is also important in treatment of some gynaecological and treatment related issues. Your doctor will ask you regarding your LMP. You should be able to tell correctly the first day of last menstrual period. This helps the gynaecologist in your treatment and largely tracks the growth and expected date of delivery of the baby.

5.What is EDD?


EDD is a term frequently used by doctors .This is estimated date of delivery for your baby .

Normal pregnancy continues for a period of around  280 days  or 40 weeks .

We can calculate the estimated date of delivery (EDD) by –

  • Find the first day of your LMP (last menstrual period).
  • Add 280 days or 40 weeks to that date .

Estimated date of delivery (EDD): The delivery date is estimated by counting forward 280 days from the first day of the woman’s last period.

6.What is embryo and what is fetus?


Embryo: The term used for the developing fertilized egg during the first 9 weeks of pregnancy.

Fetus: The term used for the developing embryo after 9 weeks of gestation.

Pregnancies in   women  with diabetes and/or high blood pressure are classified as high risk pregnancy. Age more than 35 years and very young age pregnancy also classified as high risk pregnancy .  or those who have been treated for infertility and have pregnancies resulting from the use of assisted reproductive technology.

 

7.What is high risk pregnancy ?


High-risk pregnancy is considered when a patient is prone to certain complications during pregnancy.

  • High blood pressure,Diabetes ,Cancer
  • Kidney disease.
  • Age of patient younger than 17 or older than 35.
  • Twin pregnancy or more than one baby (multiple pregnancy).
  • History of three or more miscarriages(previous abortion)
  • Your baby has been found to have a genetic condition, such as Down syndrome, or a heart, lung, or kidney problem.
  • You had a problem in a past pregnancy like:  Preterm labour, Preeclampsia or seizures (eclampsia).
  • Infection such as HIV or hepatitis C, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), chickenpox, rubella, toxoplasmosis, and syphilis.

8.What is ectopic pregnancy?


Ectopic pregnancy  is a pregnancy in which the egg implants in a place other than the uterus. This complication can be life-threatening.

Ectopic pregnancy must be diagnosed early to avoid damage to prevent serious maternal illness or death.

It is also called tubal pregnancy (if the egg implants in the Fallopian tubes) or extra-uterine pregnancy (when embryo implants outside uterus).

9.What is the duration of first trimester?


First three months of pregnancy is called as first trimester of pregnancy.

10.What is  ‘Morning Sickness’ ? 


Morning Sickness is vomiting during pregnancy.

Pregnant patients develop nausea and vomiting  commonly . A majority of women get mild to moderate symptoms during the first three months (first trimester) of pregnancy.

This  condition is often called morning sickness.

11.What is hyperemesis gravidarum?


Pregnant woman may experience a more serious condition involving severe vomiting, dehydration. This is called hyperemesis gravidarum.This condition cn be manged safely so it should be brought to the notice of the doctor.

Box title

High-risk pregnancy is considered when a patient is prone to certain complications during pregnancy.

  • High blood pressure,Diabetes ,Cancer
  • Kidney disease.
  • Age of patient younger than 17 or older than 35.
  • Twin pregnancy or more than one baby (multiple pregnancy).
  • History of three or more miscarriages(previous abortion)
  • Your baby has been found to have a genetic condition, such as Down syndrome, or a heart, lung, or kidney problem.
  • You had a problem in a past pregnancy like:  Preterm labour, Preeclampsia or seizures (eclampsia).
  • Infection such as HIV or hepatitis C, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), chickenpox, rubella, toxoplasmosis, and syphilis.


 

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